The True Gold Standard (Second Edition)
“Like a good neighbor, State Farm is there,” is the trademarked jingle originally penned by Barry Manilow back in 1971, the same year Richard Nixon closed the gold window. Some neighbor! He sold the farm.
Suddenly now everyone wants...everyone else...to be a good neighbor. The Wall Street Journal recently reported: “The Group of Seven leading economies last Tuesday attempted to head off a potentially destabilizing round of currency devaluations, issuing a statement that reaffirmed their commitment to let market forces determine exchange rates, and saying central bank policy will be focused solely on domestic objectives.”
The Journal’s Sudeep Reddy noted: “The question of currency devaluations is an awkward one for industrialized nations, many of which have embarked on monetary policies designed to boost their economies that have the side effect of lessening the value of their currencies. The U.S. Federal Reserve’s bond-buying policy has previously sparked world-wide concern given its impact on the dollar.”
Writing in the Financial Times, Komal Sri-Kumar, president of Sri-Kumar Global Strategies, wrote how we got to this strange place in economic policy “The pursuit of an exchange rate level as a target in itself has...resulted in misplaced priorities. The US Treasury and Senate have spent the past 15 years criticising Chinese authorities for not permitting a bigger appreciation of the yuan. This was time wasted. Foreign exports to China did gain competitiveness in recent years, but due to increased Chinese wage costs rather than from a stronger yuan.” He added: “Instead of focusing on the yuan’s exchange rate with the dollar, foreign negotiators should have pushed China to open its markets to foreign competition, and to reduce restrictions on foreign capital inflows. Trying to force Chinese monetary authorities to move the exchange rate faster shifted the focus of western governments from the need for structural reforms in the Chinese economy.
Dr. Sri-Kumar observed: “As central banks in the US, Europe, Japan and China wrestle with recession or slower growth, they will find that competitive monetary easing measures, and uncertainty about exchange rates, hold back rather than promote recovery. Providing the security that comes from fixed exchange rates, and pursuing policies compatible with those rates, would be more effective in reviving growth.”
So there they have it: The same policies that have been touted as the salvation of the developed world are coming back to haunt efforts to stimulate growth.
So too that day on August 15, 1971 when Richard Nixon cut the last link between the dollar and its monetary base. It’s like Barry Manilow sang in “Every Single Day.”
Oct 20, 2014
Lawrence H. White is an economics professor at George Mason University who teaches graduate level monetary theory and policy. Lawrence White As described by the Wikipedia, "White earned his BA at Harvard University (1977) and PhD at the University of California at Los Angeles (1982). Before his current role at George Mason...
The Federal Reserve System's James Narron and David Skeie, career officials with the Federal Reserve System, are two eminent historically erudite figures. Writing in the New York Federal Reserve Bank's online publication, Liberty Street Economics, they recently provided a continuation of their valuable historical "revue," Crisis Chronicles: The Collapse of the...
Jul 23, 2014
An article headline in Saturday’s Wall Street Journalread “Rate Talk Heats Up Within The Fed.” As Journalreporters Jon Hilsenrath and Michael Derby...
Oct 05, 2011
Key Monetary Writings
Address by Lewis E. Lehrman The Ritz-Carlton, Pentagon City Arlington, VA October 5-6, 2011 Thank you Ed. Thanks also to David Addington, Alison...
Why the Gold Standard?